You will not be conscious (many aren’t) that the USA Mint operated a mint within the Philippine Islands. In actual fact, the Manila Mint is the one U.S. department mint that was situated outdoors the continental United States! At present we’ll discover 5 of probably the most fascinating cash from the historic and underneath the radar Manila Mint within the Philippine Islands.

A Little Historical past

After the U.S. defeated Spain within the Spanish-American Battle in 1898, the Philippines grew to become a U.S. territory. In 1920, the U.S. authorities reopened the Manila Mint, which had initially been constructed by the Spanish authorities to be able to produce sorely wanted forex for use within the U.S. territory.

The Philippine economic system was too weak to make use of the U.S. greenback, a a lot stronger forex. So the U.S. authorities created particular decrease denomination forex modeled after Spanish denominations only for the Philippine territory.

The Manila Mint produced coinage till 1922 after which once more from 1925-1941, when the Japanese invasion of the Philippines throughout WWII halted U.S. operations there. Now, let’s check out 5 of probably the most fascinating cash from the Manila Mint.

1. One Centavo Coin

2. 5 Centavos Coin

3. Fifty Centavos Cash

4. One Peso Commemorative Cash

5. Leper Colony Coinage

One Centavo Coin

One Centavo Coin







The bottom denomination coin produced by the Manila Mint was the one centavo. This coin featured a male Filipino with a hammer, sitting on an anvil. These cash had been authorized tender in each the usand the Philippines. Between July 1920 and December 1941 the Manila Mint produced a whopping 142,317,095 common challenge one centavo cash, greater than all different denominations mixed. This was extensively utilized in on a regular basis commerce and rapidly helped to ease the coinage scarcity there.

5 Centavos Coin

Five Centavos Coin







The 5 centavos coin continued the theme of the male Filipino employee. The 1920 and 1921 5 centavos design featured a younger Filipino male sitting subsequent to an anvil. He holds a hammer in his proper hand, his left arm raised, and within the background is a dramatic volcano spewing molten lava. The reverse design options an eagle with unfold wings perched on high of an American defend.

The 5 centavos cash had been produced with 75% silver and 25% copper. The silver content material meant the cash intrinsic worth was better than their face worth. At present, discovering 5 centavos in good situation is usually a problem for collectors as many had been melted down over time. This coin was extensively utilized in on a regular basis transactions and was an important a part of the native forex system.

Fifty Centavos Cash

Fifty Centavos Coins







The fifty centavos issued underneath U.S. rule from the Manila Mint featured a particular and visually interesting design with a stunning feminine determine carrying a hammer that rested on an anvil. A billowing volcano can be seen within the background on this coin.

These cash had been additionally struck from 75% silver and 25% copper. At present, the 1921 challenge, with a mintage of two,317,000, is simpler to seek out, whereas the 1920 challenge with a smaller mintage of 420,000 mintage is scarcer and sometimes extra desired by astute collectors.

One Peso Commemorative Cash

One Peso Commemorative Coins







In 1936, the Manila Mint produced two Commemorative Pesos. The primary commemorative peso options the portraits of the primary President of the Philippines, Guide L. Quezon, and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The obverse of the opposite commemorative Peso options portraits of President Quezon and Frank Murphy, the final U.S. Governor Normal of the Philippines. The reverse for the 1936 commemoratives highlights the seal of the Commonwealth of the Philippines with United States of America positioned above and the date centered beneath.

Leper Colony Coinage

Leper Colony Coinage







The Manila Mint was additionally tasked with hanging Leper Colony coinage for the Philippine Well being Service. From 1920 via 1930, the Manila Mint produced 5 problems with Leper Colony cash.

These embody the 1920 challenge (ten centavos, twenty centavos and one peso) which carry no mint mark. The 1922 challenge (twenty centavos and one peso) had been stamped with the encircled initials “PM” (representing Philippine Mint). The 1925 (one peso) and 1927 (one centavo and 5 Centavos) points present the Mint Marks “P” and “M” on the reverse to the appropriate and left of the worth. The 1930 challenge (one centavo and ten centavos) present no mint marks.

The Finish of an Period

No U.S. cash had been produced on the Manila Mint after 1941 through the Japanese occupation or till the Philippine independence occurred in 1946. Sadly, the Manila Mint had been decimated by heavy bombing through the liberation of the islands. Whereas these historic cash typically fly underneath the radar, they continue to be essential reminders of this distinctive U.S. Mint department that briefly

produced cash outdoors the continental United States. These cash are additionally tangible legacy of the shut ties and particular relationship the USA and the individuals of the Philippines.

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