• International and home gold costs prolonged their streak of good points; up 12% y-t-d1
  • Demand softened after Akshaya Tritiya
  • The low cost between home and worldwide gold costs narrowed
  • The RBI has added 30.6t2 to reserves up to now this yr, taking whole gold holdings to a document excessive of 834.2t
  • Constructive flows resumed into gold ETFs in Could
  • Gold imports have seen a constant improve in Could.

Trying forward:

  • We anticipate that jewelry demand will predominantly centre across the pageant season beginning within the latter half of Q3
  • Curiosity in bars and cash is anticipated to proceed.

Gold corrects from its latest all-time excessive however maintains yearly upswing

Gold rose to a brand new all-time excessive in mid-Could earlier than pulling again, probably on revenue taking, to shut the month at US$2,343/oz.3 This delivered a 1% month-to-month improve, including to good points in March (9%) and April (5%). The worldwide worth pulled again additional within the first half of June (by 1% to US$2,317/oz) following a stronger-than-expected jobs market report within the US and a pause in reported gold purchases by the Folks’s Financial institution of China (PBoC). Regardless of this, gold stays the most effective performing asset lessons with a 12% return y-t-d. Indian home landed gold costs proceed to intently shadow the motion of worldwide gold costs because of the relative stability within the USD/INR.

Chart 1: Gold extends good points however takes a breath after latest all-time highs

LBMA Worth AM and home landed worth by month, US$ and INR*

Supply: Bloomberg, World Gold Council
*Primarily based on the LBMA Gold Worth AM in USD expressed in native foreign money as of 14 June 2024. Landed worth consists of import tariff and tax.

Demand subsides as pageant impression wanes

The demand momentum surrounding the Akshaya Tritiya pageant (10 Could), a conventional auspicious day for gold purchases, proved to be reasonably short-lived. Market stories counsel that whereas robust shopping for exceeded expectations through the pageant, gold purchases, notably jewelry, tapered off afterwards, paying homage to the lacklustre demand throughout March and April owing to excessive worth ranges. An extra worth rise to a document excessive in mid-May dampened demand throughout what’s the standard low-season for gold, from mid-Could to July. However there have been stories of momentum shopping for throughout this era, particularly of bars and cash, pushed by optimistic shopper sentiment in direction of gold as a horny funding amid the latest worth surge.

The present pattern of subdued jewelry demand is anticipated to proceed over the following few months with a possible uptick anticipated through the onset of the pageant season within the latter half of Q3. Conversations with the business counsel that producers are selecting to not improve their inventories presently however might construct inventory as early as August, with exercise choosing up steam because the quarter progresses.

However funding shopping for by means of bars and cash is more likely to persist in keeping with the present pattern: from January to March bar and coin demand rose by 19% y/y to 41t.

Modest reductions on gold charges prevail within the home market

The low cost on the home gold worth to worldwide worth has narrowed from these in March (US$24/oz) and April (US$10/oz) to US$6/ouncesas of mid-June. This decline in low cost – even after Akshaya Tritiya – means that gold shopping for curiosity continues, in sure quarters, throughout what is usually a interval of low demand.

Chart 2: Home gold worth reductions scale back

NCDEX gold premium/low cost relative to the worldwide worth

Supply: NCDEX, World Gold Council

Indian gold ETFs appeal to inflows

Inflows into gold ETFs resumed in Could, reversing the outflows seen in April; previous to this time there had been twelve consecutive months of uninterrupted inflows. Could’s optimistic pattern in fund flows mirrored the broader world pattern for the month. Indian gold ETFs noticed web inflows amounting to INR8bn,4 indicating a notable turnaround from the INR4bn outflows recorded the earlier month and considerably exceeding the previous 12-month common of INR4bn.

On the finish of Could whole Indian ETF belongings below administration (AUM) stood at INR317bn (roughly US$4bn), a 37% improve y/y. As well as, collective gold holdings stood at 46t, up 1t m/m and 8t y/y. May noticed a major uptick within the variety of gold ETF folios, rising by 136,772 from the earlier month to succeed in 5.3mn, indicating ongoing investor curiosity in gold as a monetary asset.

Chart 3: Indian gold ETF flows achieve momentum

Month-to-month gold ETF fund flows in INR bn and whole holdings in tonnes*

Supply: Bloomberg, firm filings, AMFI, CMIE, World Gold Council
*As of finish Could 2024.

RBI ramps up gold reserves

The RBI’s programme of gold purchases has been constant up to now this yr. Primarily based on RBI knowledge and our personal estimates, the central financial institution acquired 3.7t of gold in Could and a couple of.8t within the first week of June,5 bringing its whole gold purchases so far in 2024 to 30.6t. Consequently, the RBI’s gold holdings now stand at a brand new peak of 834.2t, constituting 8.7% of whole foreign exchange reserves, a degree final noticed in April 2013.

The RBI has emerged as a major contributor to world central financial institution gold purchases this yr, following Turkey and China. If the pattern of gold shopping for seen within the first 5 months of the yr continues, the RBI’s annual gold acquisitions might be comparable with the (web) 77.5t purchased in 2021. Nevertheless, the following few months will present a clearer image of the financial institution’s shopping for pattern.

Alongside constructing its reserves, the RBI has been restructuring the storage of gold over latest years. In keeping with its report on overseas alternate reserves, the central financial institution has been bringing a few of its gold beforehand held abroad to India.6 This transfer seems to be motivated by logistical in addition to strategic concerns and doesn’t have monetary implications, nor does it have an effect on the RBI’s general gold reserves. Moreover, the federal government has granted the RBI an exemption from customs obligation on gold imports.7

Chart 4: RBIs gold inventory swells

RBI’s month-to-month web purchases and reserves, tonnes*

Supply: RBI, World Gold Council
*Information as of seven June 2024.

Regular uptrend in gold imports

However the excessive worth ranges, Could maintained the optimistic pattern of the previous month: gold import values have been US$3.3bn, a 7% rise m/m however 10% down y/y (US$3.7bn).

In quantity phrases, as per our estimates, gold imports in Could probably hovered round 45t, larger than the 43t of gold imported in April and notably decrease than the 63t imported in Could 2023 when costs have been 20% decrease.

Chart 5: Gold imports proceed to rise

Month-to-month gold imports, tonnes and US$bn*

Supply: Ministry of Commerce and Trade, CMIE, World Gold Council
*As of 14 June 2024. Contains WGC estimates.


1 Primarily based on the LBMA AM Gold Worth.

2As of seven June 2024.

3Primarily based on the LBMA AM Gold Worth. The all-time excessive (US$2,417/oz) was set by the LBMA Gold Worth AM on 21 Could 2024.

4As per AMFI knowledge.

5As of seven June 2024.

6As of 31 March 2024, the RBI held 387. 26t with the Financial institution of England BoE and Financial institution of Worldwide Settlements BIS. Within the monetary yr 2022-23 and 2023-24, 16t and 50t respectively held at BoE and BIS was dropped at India.

7Extraordinary notification Half II-Part 3-sub-section dated 12 March 24 on egazette.gov.in

This text is republished with permission from the World Gold Council