Inside numismatics, sample cash are an intriguing and traditionally vital group of U.S. uncommon cash. Earlier than placing new designs for circulation, the U.S. Mint produces a sample coin to see how the proposed options work in three dimensions. Collectors are interested in sample cash as many boast uncommon options that had been by no means adopted for circulation. Let’s check out 5 of essentially the most distinctive U.S. sample cash:

  • 1792 Copper Birch Cent J-4
  • 1792 Cent J-C1792-1, Dickeson Restrike
  • 1849 Gold $1 J-115
  • 1860 Transitional Half Dime J-267
  • 1866 Indian Head Cent J-456

1. 1792 Copper Birch Cent J-4

1792 Copper Birch Cent J-4





It’s believed that Robert Birch, one of many authentic U.S. Mint staff in 1792, engraved the massive copper sample cash identified at present as “Birch cents.” This 1792 Copper Birch Cent with a Lettered Edge reveals two stars on the sting and this inscription on the sting: TO BE ESTEEMED*BE USEFUL*. This Birch Cent is a extremely wanted and scarce sample coin, with solely seven or eight survivors.

2. 1792 Cent J-C1792-1, Dickeson Restrike

1792 Cent J-C1792-1, Dickeson Restrike





This sample coin, additionally struck in 1792 is a privately issued token, generally known as the 1792 “Trial Piece” struck by Dr. Montroville Dickeson. This attention-grabbing coin options an eagle die from a income stamp with a reverse die inscription: TRIAL PIECE DESIGNED FOR THE UNITED STATES, implying it had been used on the U.S. Mint to supply the cash, which it had not!

3. 1849 Gold $1 J-115





What makes this gold greenback distinctive? It has a gap in the midst of it. In 1849, the U.S. Mint started placing $1 gold cash for circulation. Nevertheless, that they had a tiny diameter, as a result of there wasn’t a lot gold in them. Quickly after, the U.S. Mint started receiving complaints in regards to the coin—particularly that its small dimension at 14.3 millimeters made it straightforward to lose. This sample coin reveals one of many concepts that Mint needed to improve the coin’s diameter—placing a gap in the midst of it! It was a thinner, bigger coin that also contained a greenback’s price of gold. There are solely a handful of those distinctive rarities know to outlive at present.

4. 1860 Transitional Half Dime J-267

4. 1860 Transitional Half Dime J-267





In 1859, the U.S. Mint determined to maneuver the inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA from the reverse of the half dime to the obverse. This transitional sample coin minted in 1860 mixed a Stars obverse with the brand new, bigger wreath on the reverse. Nevertheless, neither sides of the coin confirmed the identify of our nation! The rationale? The inscription had been faraway from the reverse die, however not but added to the obverse! The omission of UNITED STATES OF AMERICA solely provides to the intrigue round these ultra-rare sample cash.

5. 1866 Indian Head Cent J-456

1866 Indian Head Cent J-456





This 1866 Indian Head Cent sample is produced from copper and nickel. But, this coin ought to have been product of bronze! Even at present, numismatic historians don’t totally perceive how or why this coin was created. For the reason that final copper-nickel cents had been struck in 1864, there may be hypothesis that is an off-metal error coin. Nevertheless, as a result of there about half a dozen identified survivors, one other principle suggests this was an off-metal coin intentionally produced on the market to collectors. Both manner, this 1866 Indian Head sample is a extremely desired coin by collectors of this sequence.

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